Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to transfer copyright. This transfer will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information. A form facilitating transfer of copyright will be provided upon acceptance of the manuscript. After transfer of copyright, authors retain rights as discussed below.

Authors' Rights

As an author, you (or your employer or institution) may do the following:

  • Make copies (print or electronic) of the article for your own personal use, including for your own classroom teaching use
  • Make copies and distribute such copies (including through e-mail) of the article to known research colleagues for the personal use by such colleagues (but not for commercial purposes, as described below)
  • Post a revised personal version of the final text (including illustrations and tables) of the article (to reflect changes made in the peer review and editing process) on your personal or institutional website or server, with a link (through the relevant DOI) to the article as published, provided that such postings are not for commercial purposes, as described below. Please note: Depositing in or posting to special repositories (such as PubMed Central or institutional repositories) is permitted only under specific agreements between Elsevier and the repository and only when consistent with our publisher's policies concerning such repositories.
  • Present the article at a meeting or conference and distribute copies of the article to the delegates attending such meeting
  • Allow your employer to use all or part of the information in the article for other intracompany use (e.g., training) if the article is a "work for hire" made within the scope of your employment
  • Retain patent and trademark rights and rights to any process or procedure described in the article
  • Include the article in full or in part in a thesis or dissertation (provided that this is not to be published commercially)
  • Use the article or any part thereof in a printed compilation of your works, such as collected writings or lecture notes (subsequent to publication of the article in the journal)
  • Prepare other derivative works that extend the article into book-length form or otherwise re-use portions or excerpts in other works, with full acknowledgment of its original publication in the journal

All copies (print or electronic) or other use of the paper or article must include the appropriate bibliographic citation for the article's publication in the journal. However, you should not indicate in the citation that the version that you are reproducing or posting is the final published version as published in the journal. For example, it may be appropriate to indicate, "This paper has been submitted to [Journal] for consideration."

Commercial purposes include: the posting by companies or their employees for use by customers (e.g., pharmaceutical companies and physician prescribers); commercial exploitation such as associating advertising with such posting (including the linking to advertising by search engines); the charging of fees for document delivery or access; or the systematic distribution to others via e-mail lists or list servers (to parties other than known colleagues), whether for a fee or for free.